Gangwon Province in the pleasant environment of good experience and to learn about the history and culture held a cultural space

Culture Heritage Administration of Korea

National Museum of Korea

Ancient Gangwon

The Ancient Culture Gallery has been arranged to display artifacts from the Three Kingdoms period when the ancient Korean states Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla advanced into the Gangwon area and from the Unified Silla period when the area came under a new administrative system, showing the history and culture of the Gangwon area in ancient times under a number of set themes.

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The Three Kingdoms: Expansion into Gangwon

The Gangwon area was a strategic place that the Three Kingdoms--Baekje, Goguryeo and Silla--needed to occupy for territorial expansion, especially the traffic routes along the upper reaches of the Hangang River and the east coast. Goguryeo and Baekje advanced into the Yeongseo region along these routes, and Silla followed after first occupying the Yeongdong region.

  • Bronze Cauldron with Handle / Beopcheon-ri Tomb, Wonju
    Bronze Cauldron

    This ritual vessel was discovered inside a stone-chamber tomb dating to the Baekje Kingdom. Imported from the Western Jin Dynasty of China, it shows that the Wonju area came under Baekje territory.

  • Gilt-bronze Crown / Chodang-dong Tomb, Gangneung
    Jungdo Pottery

    This Silla-style gilt-bronze crown was found in a Silla period stone-chamber tomb. It is evidence that Gangneung, especially the Yeongdong region, formed an important part of Silla territory.

  • Horn-shaped Cup / Guho-dong, Donghae
    sheep-shaped jar of Chinese Celadon

    Horn-shaped cups were mounted on stands and decorated with ring-shaped ornaments. They are thought to be ritual vessels and have been generally excavated from Silla and Gaya territory.

Unified Silla: Gangwon Under a New Administrative Order

Under the administrative system of Silla, which had unified the Three Kingdoms in 676, the Gangwon area was divided into two major parts, Myeongju and Sakju, while Wonju functioned as the northern capital. The Buddhist temples that were built on the history-steeped mountains of Myeongju and along the waterways of Sakju led the culture of Unified Silla. On this strong foundation, in the 9th century the Gangwon area saw the birth of the new Seon school of Buddhism at Jinjeonsa Temple in Yangyang, which continues to this day as the Jogye Order.

  • Stirrup / Geunhwa-dong, Chuncheon
    Horn-shaped Cup

    This stirrup was found in Chuncheon, which was the administrative center of Sakju (Yeongseo region). Used when riding horseback, it is richly decorated with silver inlay.

  • Memorial Copperplate of Yeomgeo Hwasang / presumed Heungbeopsa Temple site, Wonju-si Treasure No. 1871

    This is the bronze plate inscription from the stupa of the monk Yeomgeo Hwasang, who died in 844. It is presumed that the inscription was commissioned by King Munseong of Silla when the stupa was erected in 855.

  • Bell of Seollimwon
    Gilt-Bronze Crown

    Dated to the Unified Silla period, this bell has great historical value thanks to its inscription. Discovered in 1948 at the site of Seollimwon, a monastery in Yangyang, it was moved to Woljeongsa Temple where it was damaged during the Korean War.

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