Gangwon Province in the pleasant environment of good experience and to learn about the history and culture held a cultural space

Culture Heritage Administration of Korea

National Museum of Korea

Prehistorical Gangwon

The excavated objects in the Prehistory Gallery illustrate how life and technology in the Gangwon Region developed from the Paleolithic to the Iron Age.

View exhibition room location

Paleolithic Age: The First People of Gangwon

People first began to inhabit the Gangwon area about 100,000 years ago. They made chipped stone implements and lived by hunting and gathering. Then about 40,000 years ago modern humans appeared. They were equipped with the technology to make more advanced stone tools such as blade tools, and interacted actively with people in other areas as evidenced by their acquisition of obsidian from Mt. Baekdusan..

  • Stone Blade and Blade Core / Bupyeong-ri, Inje
    Workplace for Stone Tool Production

    Innovative stone tool production technique invented by Homo sapiens some 40,000 years ago. The blade core and stone blade reflect the development of technology in the later Paleolithic Age when mass production and standardization were introduced.

  • Hand Axe / Galdun, Chuncheon
    Obsidian Stone Tools

    The hand axe is a tool made by early humans (Homo erectus) that satisfied both functional and aesthetic demands. These tools were used by the Paleolithic people of the Gangwon area some 100,000 years ago.

Neolithic Age: Life Changed by Warmth

As the climate grew warmer, the way of life of the Neolithic people living in the Gangwon area changed. They began farming, went fishing in the rivers and seas, and made bows and arrows for hunting. They also made pottery vessels with flat bottoms and cooked food in them, wove cloth with the thread they made, decorated themselves with various ornaments, and also held funerals for those who died.

  • Pottery with Impressed Designs / Jigyeong-ri, Gangneung
    Pottery with Raised Design

    This pottery is characterized by the inwardly turned mouth and flat bottom and is covered with a spiral design made by diligently impressing dots into the surface with a small stamping device.

  • Jade Earrings / Munam-ri, Goseong
    Comb-patterned Pottery

    These earrings from the early Neolithic Age were handed down from China. They were worn in pierced ear lobes.

Bronze Age: Birth of Social Organizations

In the Bronze Age, agriculture began in earnest and social organizations were formed. The people made more functional pottery vessels with less decoration and tools with more varied and specific functions. Around this time settlements such as the square-shaped site at Cheonjeol-ri in Gangwon-do Province appeared and dolmens, which are found across the Korean peninsula, were also erected.

  • Korean-style Bronze Sword / Jeongam-ri, Yangyang
    Mirrors with Slim-linear Pattern and Bronze Daggers

    Swords of this type from the late Bronze Age were commonly discovered on the Korean Peninsula along with mirrors with fine linear designs. They were symbols of political power rather than practical items.

  • Arrowhead and Shaft / Auraji, Jeongseon
    Pottery with Raised Design

    These were discovered together at a Bronze Age dwelling site. The shaft was made of willow wood and was found attached to the arrowhead, so it not known how the two parts were attached.

Iron Age: Jungdo Style

Around the 3rd century BCE, the Iron Age people of the the Gangwon area lived in settlements of an unusual form. They built houses with entryways, forming a floor plan in the shape of a square on a larger square (凸 or 呂), and made cooking and heating facilities inside. In addition, they used hard, undecorated pottery (Jungdo style pottery) and made agricultural tools and weapons with iron.

  • Trident / Songjeong-dong, Donghae

    This trident, a tool used to catch fish, was discovered at an Iron Age dwelling site. In the form of a threeforked spear, it has barbed prongs that prevent fish from escaping.

  • Han-style Pottery / Anin-ri, Gangneung
    Han-style Pottery

    This pottery vessel influenced by Lelang, one of the four Han commanderies of China, was discovered at an Iron Age dwelling site. It attests to active exchange between the Iron Age people of the region and China.

  • 관람안내 관련아이콘
  • 관람안내 관련아이콘
  • 관람안내 관련아이콘
Education Program