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CHUNCHEON NATIONAL MUSEUM

Gangwon Province in the pleasant environment of good experience and to learn about the history and culture held a cultural space

Culture Heritage Administration of Korea

National Museum of Korea

The excavated objects in the Prehistory Gallery illustrate how life and technology in the Gangwon Region developed from the Paleolithic to the Bronze Age.

Paleolithic Age

The earliest recorded evidence of human existence has been traced back to the Paleolithic Age (Stone Age). This part of the gallery features recreations of small work areas for making stone tools and implements, such as hand-axes, choppers, side scrapers, and end scrapers.

  • Work Area for Stone Tool Production
    Workplace for Stone Tool Production

    At the center of the work area is a long oval stone that was excavated from Hahwagye-ri in Hongcheon, Gangwon-do, along with several unfinished stone tools, stone hammers, and scattered stone shavings.

  • Obsidian Stone Tools
    Obsidian Stone Tools

    These obsidian artifacts include chisels, end scrapers, micro-cores, micro-blades and other lithic tools from the Sangmuryong-ri site in Yanggu. Since obsidian forms only in volcanic areas, these tools reveal valuable information about the trade and migration routes of the Paleolithic Age.

Neolithic Age

This part of the gallery features archaeological objects from excavation sites in Gangwon-do that date from the Neolithic or New Stone Age, including a small recreation of an actual cave in Gyo-dong of Chuncheon.

  • Pottery with Raised Design
    Pottery with Raised Design

    The earthenwares from the early Neolithic period, excavated at Osan-ri in Yangyang and Moonam-ri in Goseong are decorated with a variety of raised clay bands.

  • Comb-Patterned Pottery
    Comb-patterned Pottery

    These earthenware vessels, excavated from Jigyeong-ri in Gangneung, are decorated with various geometrical patterns fashioned by either pressing or scratching the surface.

  • Fishing Implements
    Fishing Tool

    These bar-shaped sinkers, used for fishing, were excavated from the Osan-ri site in Yangyang. Fishing hooks would have been attached to the ends of the sinkers.

Bronze Age

A plethora of evidence of the Bronze Age has been recovered in Gangwon-do, including dolmens, bronze mirrors, and swords, as well as a variety of stoneware and pottery.

  • Rim-perforated Pottery
    Rim-perforated Pottery

    These earthenware vessels, which are decorated with notched stripes and crosshatch designs, were excavated from Bangnae-ri in Gangneung, Joyang-dong in Sokcho; Powol-ri in Yangyang; and Sinmae-ri in Chuncheon.

  • " Bronze Daggers and Mirrors
    Mirrors with Slim-linear Pattern and Bronze Daggers

    These bronze daggers and mirrors, which feature intricate patterns of lines, were crafted in the typical Korean style. They were excavated from Gangrim-ri in Hoengseong and Jeongam-ri in Yangyang.

  • Bronze Axe
    Axe in Fan Shape

    This axe was found at the Joyang-dong site of Sokcho in Gangwon-do. Its blade widens out like a fan, and the base has an opening where it would be attached to a shaft.

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